Most Common Case IH 585 Problems (Plus Solutions)

Case IH has been a global leader in the production of agricultural equipment such as tractors, planters, and balers. The company has been making high quality products for more than 175 years. Offerings such as the Case IH 585 that was manufactured between 1985 and 1990 have allowed the company to be an industry leader.

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What Is The Case IH 585?

The Case IH 585 is a robust and versatile tractor offering from the Case IH brand. The tractor was manufactured between 1985 and 1990 and uses a 206 (3.4L) Case D 206 4-cycle, 4-cylinder liquid cooled diesel engine for power. The engine produces a rated power of 60 HP (44.7KW).  The Case IH is fitted with two transmission options, the synchromesh transmission with 16 forward and 8 reverse gears and the partial power shift transmission with 16 forward and 8 reverse gears. The tractor has a lift capacity of 3210 Ibs (1460 kg) at 24 inches (610mm) behind pin and the open center hydraulic system has a gear pump with a rated capacity of 15.1 gpm (57.2 Ipm). The tractor is good quality however, it is not perfect and can develop problems and these will be discussed down below in this article.

Case IH 585 Problems

NB: The Case IH 585 is usually sold without any problems or defects. Any problems that may develop on the utility tractor, including those highlighted below in this article are usually caused by misuse or abuse of the Case IH 585. Wear and tear can also develop on the tractor and particularly when it not being handled properly.

1. Diesel Motor Doesn’t Start

There are several reasons that may cause the Case IH 585 tractor starter motor fail to start the engine. Reasons for the starter failing to start the engine include;

  • Starter speed being too low due to a faulty or damaged motor.
  • Clogging in the fuel line hence fuel fails to reach to engine.
  • Dirty filter element or worn piston rings.

Troubleshooting Engine Startup Problems

When the starter motor fails to start the engine one can do the following to try and solve the problem;

  • Restoring or changing the faulty starter motor.
  • Regularly checking and cleaning or replacing the fuel lines when they become clogged.
  • Replacing the dirty filter element. One should also replace the piston rings when they become worn.

2. Steering Breakdown

The steering system is crucial for maneuvering and controlling the tractor hence problems with the steering system can be very dangerous. The steering components can break down due to;

  • Air being formed in the hydraulic system.
  • Low level of the hydraulic oil in the tank.
  • Damaged hydraulic cylinder.

Troubleshooting Steering Breakdown Problem

When the steering system starts developing problems, one can try out the following to try and solve the problem;

  • Bleeding the air from the hydraulic system.
  • Topping up the hydraulic oil level when it gets low.
  • Replacing the hydraulic cylinder when it becomes damaged.

3. Engine Overheating

When the Case IH 585 engine is not operating under ideal conditions, it can overheat. Reasons for the engine overheating can include;

  • Low coolant level.
  • Low engine oil level or contamination of the engine oil with water.
  • Engine overloading or loose and faulty fan belt.

Troubleshooting Engine Overheating

The problem of the engine overheating can be addressed by;

  • Filling the coolant to the correct level and checking the cooling system for loose connections or leaks that need to be addressed.
  • Regularly checking the engine oil and filling to the correct level. When the oil level exceeds the correct level, it may need to be drained until it reaches the correct level. Also ensure to completely drain the contaminated oil and refill with new clean oil.
  • Shifting to a lower gear when the engine is being overloaded and lowering the load on the tractor. One should also adjust the belt tension when it is loose.

4. Engine Lacks Power

Overtime the engine may lack power and fail to perform at its highest level. This problem may be caused by;

  • Incorrect fuel injection timing.
  • Faulty injection nozzles and incorrect injection cycle.
  • Insufficient fuel supply reaching the engine.

Troubleshooting Engine Lacking Power

When the engine fails to attain the required power demands, the problem can be addressed by;

  • Correcting the fuel injection timing or replacing the fuel injection pump when defective.
  • Regularly checking the fuel injection nozzles and if it there a clogged or excessively damaged, they may need to be replaced.
  • Checking the fuel supply system for any blockages and ensuring there is enough fuel in the fuel tank.

5. Front Axle Rattling

The front axle can produce rattling sounds when being used signaling that something is wrong. Reasons for rattling sounds in the front may include;

  • Teeth of the gears being broken.
  • Worn out roller bearings.
  • Loose bolts and other parts that need tightening.

Troubleshooting Rattling Sounds

When the front axle starts developing rattling sounds, the following can be done to address the issue;

  • Installing new gears with a proper tooth profile.
  • Replacing the worn bearings with newer ones.
  • Regularly checking the front axle components for loose bolts and fittings that need tightening or replacement, then tightening or replacing as per the need.

How To Avoid Case IH 585 Problems?

The best way to avoid any problems developing with the Case IH 585 is to regularize with the utility truck’s operator manual and only using the tractor as highlighted in the manual to avoid any faults. One should also take note to observe that they don’t overload the tractor or exceed its rated capacity to ensure no problems arise on the tractor.

What Is The Tire Size Of The Case IH 585?

The weight without attachments is 2.903t and the back tires are 13.6 to 38 while the front tires are 7.50 to 18.

How Much Does a Case IH 585 Weigh?

The utility tractor has an operating weight of 12,240 to 13,350 Ibs and a lift capacity of 5,000 Ibs.


In conclusion the Case IH 585 is a very wonderful and powerful tractor offering. Despite being manufactured between 1985 and 1990, the tractor has held its own well. It is wise however to note that if the tractor is to continue to perform well, maintenance is a very crucial piece of the puzzle. Regular maintenance will help ensure that the tractor is kept in its optimum operating condition.