Baler is a machine whose purpose is to compress recyclable materials into compact size bales which can easily be transported after stacking. Balers find use in industries that generate significant amount of waste and in farming where racked crops and grass can be processed into compact size bales. John Deere offers a wide range of balers including the 560m whose problems are being discussed in this article. John Deere 560m baler is prone to problems in its operation due to many factors. Before use of the baler machine, it is important to read and understand all procedure manuals as these provide proven guidelines for efficient operation of the baler. Manuals also contain service information so that the baler is maintained at optimum operation performance levels.
Table of Contents
1. Baler Failing To Take In Waste Crops
This problem in John Deere 560m baler occurs when the baler fails to take up crop waste even if the baler chamber is not full. The baler will not be rotating or at times rotate intermittently. To resolve this problem in John Deere 560m baler, check the position of the drop floor and reset it to the recommended working position. Improper drop floor position has been known to be a cause of baler intake failure. Refer to the supplier manual for proper and detailed work instructions to reset the drop floor. The second area to look into is to fit a straw bar found with recommended dealers. The purpose of the bar is to help the augers guide feed into the chamber in case where the baler is rotating but not feeding into the baler chamber. Lastly, check the pick-up reel for any faulty. This is the first unit that rotates and direct the crop feed into the baler system. If faulty, repair or replace the unit.
2. Baler Chamber Pressure Loss
John Deere 560m baler uses hydraulic pressure in compression of the bale inside the chamber to required density and avoid pressure loss problems. If there is any leak within the pressure lines and control valves, the chamber loses pressure and bale density is compromised. To solve this problem, check for any leaks within the pressure lines and or valves. Replace any leaking pressure lines and defective valves which should allow the baler to operate normally. Usually the relief valve will either be loose or there might be a restriction.
3. Malfunctioning Automatic Net Feeding
The purpose of the net in balers is to hold compressed bales together intact while they are being ejected from the baler machine. It also helps to keep the bales in shape while under storage. John Deere 560m baler has an automatic function accessed by the operator from the control panel which allows the baler machine to feed the net wrapper automatically and wrap the bale under compression. If the net is not being fed automatically, check to see if the baler is set to automatic net feed on the control box. If not change from manual to automatic which should correct this problem with John Deere 560m baler. If the problem is still there, check the net knife if it has tripped and reset it. The knife is also controlled by a sensor which if faulty the baler will not feed. Follow John Deere 560m manual for troubleshooting the baler knife problem. If clutches are worn out or belts too lose, the baler won’t feed even in automatic mode. Always check and service John Deere 560m baler clutches and belts to solve this problem. The other reason the auto feed command may not be working is faulty power supply box. It is advisable to contact a competent person to troubleshoot the power supply. Faulty power boxes should be replaced or repaired to solve the problem.
4. Poor Bale Quality
Good quality bale should be compressed uniformly, be properly wrapped using the net and be of uniform length and density throughout. John Deere 560m baler may sometimes have problem of ejecting bales that have soft edges and poorly compressed bales. To address this problem with John Deere 560m baler, adjust the ground speed to recommended speed values. Too high ground speed will not give the baler time to properly pack the bale. Additionally if the density value set is too low for the crop type, this also results in poor bale packing density. Resetting the density to correct parameters as guided by manuals will help solve this problem. Lastly, clean up all crop build up at the tail gate lower closing point. For detailed guidance, refer to manuals and consult technical person.
5. Faulty Baler Drive
John Deere 560m, like other balers also encounters problems with chain drive system. The mechanical components on the drive unit side requires care and maintenance to keep them in good working conditions. Rotating parts require lubrication and greasing at points provided as guided by the manual. For self-lubricating designs, the lubrication tank of the baler must always kept with oil. If lubrication is not done, parts wear fast and fail. Chain sprockets get broken and move out of position and result in loss of baler wrapping drive. The baler will not be able to pack bales in the chamber. These units are also held in place using bolts and nuts. With time these get loose and if unchecked fell off and components separate. This results in loss of drive on the baler. To avoid baler drive failure, refer to John Deere 560m maintenance manual and follow all service schedules and inspections.
6. Poor Net Cutting
Poor net cutting is also another problem with John Deere 560m baler caused by very low net tension. This is due to improper net tension setting during system configuration. To solve this problem in John Deere 560m balers, refer to the manual on how to adjust the net tension to achieve good net cutting. John Deere baler requires cleaning of the machine from crop build up to solve this problem. Crop build up around the tension spring affect the tension of the net. Cleaning the chamber area and checking the spring tension is one of the solutions to solve this problem. Faulty springs require replacement or adjustment where possible. The condition of the knife also plays an important part in the quality of the cut achieved. Contaminated knife, oily and rusty knives require replacement or cleaning. For replacement guide, John Deere has service personnel or consultants to assist in addressing these problems.