Mastitis is inflammation of the mammary gland, usually caused by an infectious process. It is a common illness among does. Mastitis can be caused by physical injury, stress, or bacteria. Infected goats experience a decline in the quantity and quality of the milk produced. In addition, weight gain is also reduced, hence delayed productivity. Mastitis generally affects the overall well-being of the animal. For this reason, farmers have to make sure that treatment of mastitis in goats in administered timeously and through the use of appropriate methods. Treatment of mastitis in goats is often determined by its cause as well as the severity of the infection. In cases of a bacterial infection, a test has to be conducted so as to determine the type of bacteria involved. This helps to prescribe the appropriate type and dosage of medication.
Table of Contents
Antibiotics for Treat Mastitis in Goats
Treatment of mastitis in goats is often administered using antibiotics. Use of antibiotics should be under prescription from a certified medial professional. For this reason, it is considered to be an expensive treatment method and so is often used as a last resort. It is important to note that it is difficult to find antibiotics labelled for use in goats, particularly for the treatment of mastitis. As such, antibiotics usage is considered extra-label. Extra-label is the use of any drug that is used for something that is not specifically listed on the label and is only permitted under the written orders of a veterinarian. That being said, farmers should always contact relevant personnel for an accurate dosage and type of medication. As previously mentioned, treatment of mastitis in goats varies according to the type of bacteria involved. Therefore prior to prescription, test are conducted to determine the form of bacteria behind the illness. Another important factor to note is that continuous use of antibiotics promotes resistance among bacterial populations. As such, they should not be administered for prolonged periods of time.
Oxygen therapy is popularly known as ‘treatment for all diseases.’ It is increasingly being used for treatment of diseases in both plants and animals. Oxygen therapy is commonly used for the treatment of mastitis in goats and cows among other animals. This form of therapy involves the use of hydrogen peroxide. Farmers can also employ the Koch treatment which was invented by Dr. William Frederick Koch. Treatment administration involves injecting the neck or shoulder muscle with a hypodermic needle containing the dosage. This treatment is often sold in 5cc ampoules, none the less, it is advisable to confirm with a veterinarian for suitable goat prescription. This is because most medication dosage labels tend to overlook goats. A single dose is usually sufficient for treatment of mastitis in goats, however veterinarian can suggest an increased dosage of up to 2 to 3 times though in rare cases. This treatment method provokes reactions in 21 day cycles and will fade over time. The treatment is usually effective for a period of 1 to 2 years.
Phytotherapy for Treat Mastitis in Goats
This method of treatment for mastitis in goats involves use of plant derived remedies. It is a science based medical practice that has proven to be reliable. Phytotherapy often adopts the Juliette De Bairacli-Levy method. Application of the remedy requires infected animals to be confined in airy quarters where they are deprived of feed for about 2 days. During this period, animals are only given water. Farmers should make sure that livestock do not feed on bedding sacks. A single dose of wood sage tea must be administered every fasting morning. The tea is prepared by mixing two handfuls of the finely cut herbs (wood sage, garlic and teucrium scorodonia), two teaspoons honey and a half litre of water. In addition, senna based laxative have to be prepared for night dosage. This is achieved by soaking 20 senna cloves in half a litre of cold water for approximately 6 hours. A teaspoon of ground ginger is also added. After completion of the fasting period, a mixture consisting of half a litre warm water, 2 litres of milk and 10 tablespoons of molasses is administered. Also provide animals with finely cut wood sage mixed with molasses and bran. At mid-day and evening of the third day, a mixture of 6 cloves of garlic grated in 1 litre of water must be availed. Softened sweet hay (2/3 gallons) mixed with bran (1kg) and molasses (10tablespoons) should be administered in the days to follow. Also make sure to provide animals with two handfuls of Geranium robertianum, raspberry leaves or Artemisia abrotanum. Note that these dosages vary according to the maturity of the animals hence must be altered accordingly. The Juliette De Bairacli-Levy method for treatment of mastitis in goats usually takes effect sometime around a week or 2.
Clay therapy has proven to be effective in the treatment of mastitis in goats time and again. In fact, farmers are encouraged to try clay therapy which is a cheaper option. Clay therapy is made by mixing water or olive oil with clay to form a paste that is applied on inflamed udders. Some farmers prefer to use both oil and water which constitutes half of each ingredient. Pine oil can be added in a ration of 3 drops to every 2 litres of paste. Ointment or extract from Belladonna can also be used. When using water, allow it to penetrate slowly into the clay without mixing. However, the oil mixture should be stirred with a wooden spoon until blended completely. It is advisable to use containers that do not have reactive elements which can add impurities to the paste. Glass and porcelain can be used, provided that care is taken not to break the containers causing harm to animals. Once the paste is ready, it is applied over the udder after milking. The paste must be changed as soon as it dries up which is approximately 2 to 3 times daily. Mastitis has healed when the udder stays oily after the dry clay has been removed. This form of treatment for mastitis in goats usually takes about 2 to 3 days for chronic infection and around 6 hours for acute infection. Note that if clay therapy does not prove effective within the stipulated time period other measures can be adopted.
Kelp Treatment for Treat Mastitis in Goats
This form of treatment for mastitis in goats is one of the few plant remedies recognised by the agricultural scientific community. Kelp contains a high concentration of minerals that are essential and has an effective on a wide range of bacteria. The kelp ointment is made from marigold flowers and lard. Preparation of the treatment basically involves melting 2kg of lard and adding 2 handfuls of dried marigold flowers. The mixture is heated for about 30 minutes. A cheesecloth can be used for filtering. The mixture is then poured in 1 litre containers and allowed to cool. An alternative is to fill a container with 50 to 100ml of dried marigold flowers and cover it with ethyl acetate. The ethyl acetate evaporates quickly leaving high quality marigold extract.
Aloe Vera for Treat Mastitis in Goats
Aloe is highly famed for its medicinal value. It is often used in the treatment of mastitis in goats. When being used, it is often applied in its raw form. The syrup can also be used by injecting it in the affected quarter. The recommended amount is usually 20 to 60cc in liquid form at least once daily. Prior to administering treatment, teats must be sterilised. Aloe basically works by draining the infection. It also consists of anti-inflammatory properties. In cases of hardened teats and udders, its diuretic property is of the essence in the softening process.